Exploring the World of Espresso: Espresso, which comes from Italy, is one of the most popular ways to make coffee. The French also made a big impact on the culture of cafés and on the invention of the first coffee makers, which were similar to espresso machines today.
When you make espresso, you press finely ground coffee beans through a small amount of water that is almost boiling. You can use a wide range of coffee beans and roast levels.
People in southern Europe, like Italy, France, Spain, Portugal, and Greece, drink espresso coffee the most. People from all over the world also like espresso coffee.
Espresso has a viscosity about the same as warm honey, which makes it thicker than other types of coffee. This is because there are more solids that are suspended and dissolved, and there is crema on top. The flavours and chemicals in a typical cup of espresso are very concentrated because the coffee is brewed under high pressure.
Espresso has more caffeine per unit volume than most coffee drinks. However, because an espresso serving is only 25–30 ml, it has less caffeine overall than most other coffee drinks. Any coffee drink will have a different amount of caffeine, but a typical 30 ml serving of espresso has about 65 mg of caffeine, while a typical 240 ml serving of drip coffee has about 150 to 200 mg of caffeine.
Creating a brew
To make espresso, very hot water is pushed through finely ground, tightly packed coffee under a lot of pressure. Although there isn’t a single rule that says how to make espresso, many written rules try to limit the amount and type of ground coffee that is used, as well as the water’s temperature and pressure, and the speed at which the coffee is extracted.
Most of the time, an espresso machine is used to make espresso. A barista makes a shot of espresso by “pulling” down a handle that is attached to a spring-loaded piston. This pushes hot water through the coffee at high pressure.
The term “pulling” a shot comes from lever espresso machines. Most of the time, though, the pressure is made by an electric pump.
A dark and roasty espresso
Espresso is both a drink and a way to make coffee. It’s not a certain kind of bean, blend of beans, or roast level. To make real espresso, you can use any bean or level of roasting. In southern Italy, for instance, people usually like their coffee darker.
Up north, people are liking roasts that are a little lighter, but outside of Italy, people like a wide range of roasts.
Louis Bernard Rabaut made the first coffee machine in France in 1822. Another Frenchman, Edouard Loysel de Santais, showed off a café express machine in 1855 that could make 2,000 cups of coffee in an hour. However, the machine didn’t use steam to directly push water through the coffee; instead, it brewed coffee into a pot.
Angelo Moriondo is often wrongly given credit for creating the drink, even though he patented a steam-powered coffee machine in 1884, which was likely the first Italian coffee machine and similar to French and English machines from the same time.
It’s “almost certainly the first Italian bar machine that controlled the supply of steam and water separately through the coffee” Moriondo is “certainly one of the earliest discoverers of the expresso machine, if not the earliest”.
Seventeen years later, on December 19, 1901, Luigi Bezzera from Milan came up with and patented a number of better coffee machines. The first of these was applied for on December 19, 1901. It was called “Innovations in the machinery to prepare and immediately serve coffee beverage” and was given patent number 153/94, 61707 on June 5, 1902.
It was the first espresso machine. Desiderio Pavoni bought the patent in 1903 and started the La Pavoni company, which made the machine on a large scale. Each day, one machine was made in a small workshop in Via Parini, Milan.